What happens To The Global Economy If Oil Collapses Below $40 – Part I
Currently, commodity prices are the cheapest they’ve been in over 40 years compared to equity prices. US Equities have continued to rise over the past 7+ years due to a number of external processes. QE1, 2, 3, and Fed Debt Purchases Share Buy-Backs and creative credit facilities. Only recently have investors really started to pile into the US stock market (see charts below). Global investors were very cautious throughout the rally from 2011 to 2016. In fact, the amount of capital invested within the US money market accounts was relatively flat throughout that entire time.
It was only after the 2016 US presidential election that investors really began to have confidence in the global economy and started piling into the US stock market and money market accounts. This was also after the time that Oil began to collapse (2014~16) as well as the deflation of Emerging Markets rallies. With all this new money having entered the global markets and equities being extremely overbought currently, what would happen is Oil collapsed below $40 and the global economic outlook soured headed into the 2020 US presidential election?
On July 10, 2019, we authored a research article using our ADL predictive modeling for Oil. At that time, we predicted Oil would fall in August, recover in September and October, then collapse to near $42 (or lower) in November and December. You can read our followup to this article here.
Currently, Oil has followed our ADL predictive modeling relatively closely over the past few months. Although the attack in Saudi Arabia sent prices skyrocketing in mid-September, Crude price has generally stayed within our expected ranges and has recently settled near $55. If you notice the two GREEN BARS on the chart, above, September and October price expectations suggested price settling near $54 and 59 throughout those two months. Now, with November upon us, the ADL predictive modeling system is suggesting Oil prices will collapse from levels near $58 to levels near $40 – a massive 31% price collapse. In reality, the price could fall below on a deeper price decline event.
This Crude Oil chart highlights what we believe may happen in Oil over the next few weeks and months – where price may collapse below $40. Yet, we started asking another question.. What happens to the global economy if Oil prices collapse below $40 before the end of 2019? What happens to the nations that depend on exported Oil income and to central bank functions within the economy?
When we start to understand the correlation between the price of Oil and the expectations throughout the global market, we must immediately focus on the income expectations of nations that rely on oil as the main source of income. If our ADL predictions are correct, Oil will begin to plunge to levels near $40 (possibly below $40) over the next 3~4 months. How will foreign nations react to this loss of income and who are the most dependent nations on Oil revenues.
Oil-producing nations vary in scale across the world, yet the United States, Saudi Arabia and Russia are the largest producers. Nations that are the most dependent on Oil revenues are some of the smaller, less mature economies of the world. Should the supply of oil stay relatively consistent across the globe while an extended economic contraction continues, we must begin to question the sustainability of various nations in terms of oil revenues.
For many of these nations, the income from Oil exports make up more than 15% of their annual GDP – in some cases, with Brunei, Kuwait, Libya, the Republic of Congo, Saudi Arabia and Singapore, oil revenues make up more than 30% of GDP. How would a dramatic decrease in oil prices act as an economic destabilization event for these nations? Could they survive the event?
If the price of oil were to fall to $40 from current levels (near $67), this would represent a 40%+ price decline. Oil revenues for all nations would likely collapse by similar amounts. Nations that are most dependent on oil revenues would be hardest hit and this decrease in national revenue would likely increase strains on future operations, debt/credit as well as potentially create massive social unrest and strife.
If our ADL predictive modeling system is accurate and oil prices collapse to near $40, the economic, social and future strains this creates for many nations become even more severe – at a time when an economic contraction is taking place. This type of commodity price collapse could lead the world into a chaotic economic mess if it is prolonged.
In Part II of this article, we’ll explore the ramifications of this potential oil price collapse across the global stock market and other factors that may be setting up to drive a period of uncertainty and volatility within the global markets.
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